Yoel Levi conductor, YuYing Chen harpist

יואל לוי

Date

14.11.2019

Thursday 22:00

Hall

The Lowy concert hall

Venue

Charles Bronfman Auditorium, Tel Aviv

Venue

Charles Bronfman Auditorium, Tel Aviv

Hall

The Lowy concert hall

Artists

Yoel Levi, conductor 

YuYing Chen, harpist 

Lucy Aharish, presenter 

Concert Program

Glière: Harp Concerto
Khachaturian: Excerpts from Spartacus and Gayaneh Suites

Event Info

Yoel Levi will be conducting excerpts from Khachaturian’s Spartacus and Gayaneh Suites, in addition to Glière’s popular Harp Concerto, with Chinese harpist YuYing Chen, winner of the 2015 International Harp Contest.

A contemporary listener is accustomed to identifying twentieth-century Russian music with personal and artistic struggles of composers, who fought for their personal and artistic freedom. Reinhold Glière’s biography could have been taken from the book, “Who is the Worthy and Honest Russian Composer”. Born in Kiev in 1874 to a family of Belgian descent, he studied with the most celebrated composers at the Moscow Conservatory, including Arensky, Taneyev and Ippolitov-Ivanov. He researched the folklore of Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and Ukraine, documenting and arranging folk music, and in 1920 settled in Moscow, eventually teaching at the Conservatory in which he had studied. In a scholarly essay on Glière, written by hornist Valeriy Polekh, he also mentions that Glière was very handsome. In all respects, a perfect composer. His music is characterized by post-folkloristic ideas, with an emphasis on lyricism and rich harmonic colors, leaning on the traditions of the Romantic period. It is therefore not surprising that he was highly respected in Tsarist Russia, as well as in the Communist regime, and was part of the “official” musical core of the USSR. Today he is known primarily for his Third Symphony (“Ilya Muromets”), his ballet “The Red Poppy” and the Harp Concerto. He composed this work in 1938 for Ksenia Erdely, Principal Harpist of the Bolshoi Theater and the first musician to play harp concertos in Russia. Glière consulted with Erdely (which greatly contributed to the fact that the work is considered idiomatic for this instrument), and eventually even proposed she be credited as co-composer. Erdely graciously declined, but is credited in the score as “Editor”. Glière’s concerto is an example of truly anachronistic music and the listener will find it hard to believe that it was written in 1938 and that its composer is not Tchaikovsky. There is nothing wrong with this – good conventional music is good conventional music. Due to the combination of idiomatic writing, pleasant melodies, effective orchestration, in addition to the lack of good pieces for the instrument, this concerto has been frequently performed since its premiere.

Ballet music was always a paradise for melodists. The need and ability to write pieces that have a framed structure, are mostly short and in dialogue with movement or with a stage production, was fertile grounds for composers, who wrote works that later became staples of programs of “musical hits”. Parts of Spartacus by Khachaturian will probably be familiar to concert goers, as well as to lovers of artistic ice skating (music from the ballet suite was used by ice skater Ashley Wagner when she won the US Championship in 2015), or to British television fans, who still remember the opening theme of the BBC’s Onedin Line. A less familiar fact, perhaps, is that even before the first performance of the ballet, the musical score received the Lenin Prize in 1954. The work was performed on the stages of the Bolshoi in Moscow and the Kirov Theater in Leningrad. The 1968 version of the ballet is the one performed by the Bolshoi to this day. The story is of Spartacus, who leads the slave mutiny against the imperialist Romans. Khachaturian used this basic plot to create a colorful work, filled with heroic music and graceful, passionate dances. As in all of Khachaturian’s works, this ballet also has thematic metamorphoses, which come from folkloric culture, perhaps influenced by the varied music of his native Armenia. The melodic charm, wonderful orchestration and sweeping rhythms made each of the Spartacus suites a favorite in concert venues, even if there are no dancing slaves and ballerinas.

Khachaturian wrote national music, with extended use of folk material (which might have stemmed, to some extent, from the fact that he lived and worked in Stalinist USSR). His works brim with folksongs of his native Armenia, and are also influenced by old folklore of various peoples of the USSR, such as Caucasia and Aremnia's other neighbors. All this is cast in the liveliness typical of the first half of the 20th century, when the various "modernistic" schools were not yet widespread, certainly not in Stalinist USSR.

In 1942, during World War II, he was commissioned to write the music for a ballet, Gayaneh. The music was immensely successful and Khachaturian was awarded the Stalin Prize for it (in 1939 he had already received the prestigious Lenin Prize).

Gayaneh is a female member of an Armenian Kolkhoz (communal settlement), whose drunkard husband betrays her and joins a group of bandits. He attempts to set fire to the Kolkhoz and to murder his wife, but the commander of the local unit of the Red Army captures the bandits and saves the Kolkhoz. Gayaneh and the commander fall in love and marry at the inevitable happy end.

The orchestration is rich and colourful, and  includes an alto-saxophone, harp, piano and an extended percussion section in a multitude of effervescent dance-rhythms. Some of the pieces have become staples of light concert-music, such as the Sabre Dance. Three orchestral suites were arranged of the ballet music.

*The concerts take place as part of the 60th anniversary celebration of the international harp competition in Israel

Text: Prof. Oded Zehavi, Israel Daliot, Orly Tal

Price Range

Duration

approx 90 minutes, no intermission

Duration

approx 90 minutes, no intermission

Price range

Follow us